Chemical Peeling

10 Dec

A Girl After Chemical PeelingChemical peeling involves applying a chemical solution to the skin to remove its outer layers. How much skin they remove and how deep they penetrate will depend on the type of peel used, its strength and how long it is left on.

Chemical are applied to the face, neck, hands, and other body parts where improvement of the skin is desired. The acids in these products are meant to cause a controlled burn to the skin so that the outer layers of the skin peel away and reveal newer, fresher skin underneath.

There are three types of peel: superficial, medium and deep.

Superficial peels

Superficial peels are usually composed of alphahydroxy acids, such as glycolic, lactic, and fruit acids. These chemical peel products are the mildest kind and are generally suitable for all skin types. They are usually used to improve skin texture and may sometimes be mixed with a bleaching agent to even out pigmentation. Superficial peels are often sold for home use because they are so mild.

The process of getting a superficial peel done should generally last no more than ten minutes. Afterward, most people are immediately able to return to their normal activities. The skin may turn pink or red, much like a mild sunburn, but makeup can be used to cover it up. Peeling that occurs is usually minimal and should end within five days.

Medium peels

Medium peels penetrate deeper than superficial peels and generally cause second-degree burns. The acid most often used for medium peels is trichloroacetic acid (TCA). These peels may be used to treat fine lines and skin discolorations.

Most often, the time it takes for a medium peel to complete its job is 15 minutes or less. People who have medium peels sometimes find that they need to take a few days off of work to recover. The treated area may crust or scab, and there may be swelling. It is recommended that makeup not be used for five to seven days after treatment. Within ten days, peeling should be complete.

Deep peels

Deep peels are the harshest skin peels, typically penetrating several layers of skin and causing second-degree burns. The peeling agent in these chemical peel products is usually carbolic acid, or phenol. Deep peels are only recommended for lighter skin because they carry a high risk of hypopigmentation, or skin bleaching. Deep peels may be used to treat deep wrinkles, severe skin discolorations, and precancerous growths.

Patients who have deep peels used on them are often given sedatives and pain relievers prior to the procedure. General anesthesia may be used in some cases. Phenol is toxic to the body, so a 15 minute break should be taken after treating each area of the face to avoid toxic build up of phenol in the body. The entire process usually takes 60 to 90 minutes.

After a deep peel is applied, the face will generally be quite swollen. Skin regrowth typically takes 10 to 14 days, and using makeup during this time is not advised. The skin may remain red for as long as two months.

You have to take into account:

  • It may take up to fifteen days to see the results of the peel.
  • Before performing any of the types of peeling our skin should be prepared, always under supervision of a specialist.
  • Although the peel can be done throughout the year is better than we do at times when our sun exposure is less or apply sunscreen every day and stay out of the sun as much as possible.
  • The deep peel gets very good results but also the most aggressive and the fastest rates of complications may occur.

One Response to “Chemical Peeling”

  1. Dana December 30, 2012 at 5:41 am #

    interesting information you wrote here, keep posting

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